One-third of Americans now see China as an enemy of the United States, with Republicans nearly three times as likely as Democrats to hold this view.
Among all people surveyed in the poll by Pew Research, 34% said China was an enemy, followed by 55% who said China was a competitor. Only 9% of respondents said China is a partner of the U.S.
Among Republicans, however, 53% said China was a hostile power that threatened the nation, while only 4% believed China was a partner. Democrats held more favorable views, with 15% believing China was a partner and only 20% believing the Asian nation was an enemy of America.
Both parties, however, had a strong majority that believed China should be held accountable for human rights violations.
Older Americans were also much more likely to view China as an enemy, as were white individuals.
The total percentage of those who rated their view of China negatively was 67%, compared to a similar poll in 2018 where it was only 46%.