Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA), the Democratic vice presidential candidate for the 2020 election, co-sponsored a 2019 bill that would require schools to let males compete in female sports.
Harris sponsored the Equality Act in March 2019, which would add "sexual orientation and gender identity" to the protected characteristics listed in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It would then be against federal law for a school to bar a person born as a male from competing in girls' or women's athletics if he identifies as a transgender female. Supporters of the Equality Act acknowledge this would be one of the bill's results.
House Democrats unanimously voted in support of the bill in 2019, but the Republican-controlled Senate never voted on it. Former Vice President Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic candidate for president in 2020, has said he would sign the bill into law.
Under President Trump, both the Department of Justice and Department of Education have supported efforts that oppose males competing in female sports. A November 2019 poll showed 29% of Americans supported the inclusion of male athletes in female athletics.
? Some men who say they identify as women have taken top spots while competing in female sports, including a man who won the 2019 NCAA Division II national championship in women's track, and a man who was named "female athlete of the week" for the Big Sky Conference in October 2019.