The Hungarian Parliament passed a constitutional amendment this month to formally define legal marriage as a union between one man and one woman.
"Hungary protects the institution of marriage as the association between a man and a woman and the family as the basis for the survival of a nation," read the amendment. "The foundation of the family is marriage and the parent-child relationship. The mother is a woman, the father is a man."
The amendment to Hungary's Fundamental Laws also "protects the right of children to self-identify according to their gender of birth" and mandates that educational curriculum is based on the nation's "constitutional identity and Christian culture."
Justice Minister Judit Varga – who sent the resolution to the Hungarian Parliament in November – said that the amendment aims to address "the ‘modern' set of ideas that make all traditional values, including the two sexes, relative."
Varga also specified that the bill bans adoption by same-sex, transgender, or unmarried couples, who could previously adopt if one of the partners applied as a single individual.
"The main rule is that only married couples can adopt a child, that is, a man and woman who are married," she said.
The move drew sharp criticism from pro-LGBT organizations and public figures, such as Amnesty International.
"These discriminatory, homophobic, and transphobic new laws – rushed through under the cover of the coronavirus pandemic – are just the latest attack on LGBTQ people by Hungarian authorities," said Amnesty Hungary Director David Vig.
The justification section for the amendment – authored by Varga – argues instead that the growing acceptance of modern movements such as gender theory and same-sex marriage pose a "threat" to the natural order, stability, and growth of society.
"The constant threat to the natural laws of the forms and content of human communities, to the concepts arising from the order of Creation that harmonize with them and ensure the survival of communities, and, in some cases, the attempt to formulate them with a content contrary to the original raises doubts as to whether the interests, rights and well-being of future generations can be protected along the lines of the values of the Fundamental Law," Varga wrote.