Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has determined that China's campaign of mass internment, forced labor, and forced sterilization of Muslim minorities in Xinjiang constitutes "genocide" and "crimes against humanity."
"After careful examination of the available facts, I have determined that since at least March 2017, the People's Republic of China (PRC), under the direction and control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), has committed crimes against humanity against the predominantly Muslim Uyghurs and other members of ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang," said Pompeo, adding that the CCP has committed genocide.
According to Pompeo, the crimes include arbitrary imprisonment of more than 1 million people, forced sterilizations, forced labor, torturing of the detained, and restrictions on religious freedom, freedom of expression, and freedom of movement.
Around 11 million Uyghurs and several other Muslim-minority ethnic groups live in China's northwest region of Xinjiang. CCP leaders have tried to wipe out the Uyghurs' Islamic faith and their loyalty to their own ethnic and cultural identity. China constructed multiple mass detention centers capable of holding more than one million detainees where they are forced to endure political indoctrination and physical abuse.
The U.S. is the first country to describe the Chinese Communist Party's horrific human rights abuses, and administration officials have expressed hope that other countries will follow.